In a remarkable achievement under the Sujlam 2.0 campaign, as many as 6,11,194 individual and community soak pits have been recorded on the IMIS of the Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation (DDWS) as on June 23, 2022.
While the number of community soak pits constructed under Sujlam 2.0 campaign are 132123; the number of individual soak pits across the rural areas of the country is 479071, as per official data.
Among the top performing States are Odisha with 201959 (46,057 community soak pits and 155,902 individual soak pits); Karnataka with 145180 (266 community soak pits and 144,914 individual soak pits); Madhya Pradesh with 63,185 (23698 community soak pits and 39,487); West Bengal with 45,159 (1485 community soak pits and 43674 individual soak pits); and Maharashtra with 38,342 (2358 community soak pits and 35,984 individual soak pits).
Soak pits are a vital method to filter and percolate wastewater from both the kitchen and the bathroom. The method while preventing groundwater contamination, helps replenish the groundwater table. In villages that do not have drains, soak pits prevent water logging or stagnation.
Official data also indicates that 57.96 per cent of villages in India have reported some form of greywater management (GWM) assets of which 10.24 per cent are fully saturated and 47.72 per cent are working towards saturation. Further, of the total villages having any GWM (3,48,984 villages), Sujlam contributed to GWM assets in 1,88,452 villages which is 54 per cent of the above reported villages.
Clearly, Sujlam has contributed immensely towards reaching the GWM saturation in villages and as seen of the total fully saturated Villages, 98 per cent have had contribution from Sujlam Campaigns. This outcome may also be correlated with 82,717 Villages which are ODF Plus as on date.
The importance of greywater management cannot be understated, given that it improves sanitation and general quality of life in the rural areas; prevents contamination of groundwater and environmental pollution; and eliminates health hazards.
Sujlam 2.0 campaign was launched on World Water Day (March 22, 2022) in partnership with the concerned Ministries/Departments of the Government of India to continue the momentum of the 100 days Sujlam 1.0 campaign. It was in keeping with the global theme of World Water Day this year – ‘Groundwater – to make the invisible visible,’ following the principles of 3Rs – Reduce, Reuse and Recharge.
The campaign focused on the creation of community and institutional level greywater management assets in Panchayat Ghars, Primary Health Centres, Anganwadi Centres, Community Centres and other government institutions and simultaneously support the efforts of retrofitting of existing individual household toilets.