Spread across an area of 5.05 sq. kms, Kavalipuram, a village in the Iragavaram Mandal of West Godavari District in Andhra Pradesh was recently declared ODF Plus. Infrastructure, capacity building and efficient assignment of tasks factored in to make the village of 961 households and a population of 2632 persons achieve this feat.
What motivated them to change gears towards achieving total sanitation:
Cleanliness within the community was considered just as important as cleanliness of individuals and families. That sanitation meant cleanliness of public spaces, using of clean and safe toilets, keeping water sources clean, and disposing of garbage safely was emphasized. People understood that poor sanitation led to a great deal of unnecessary sickness and death. To achieve ODF Plus status, the community worked towards total sanitation in terms of solid waste management, improved sewerage lines, storm water drains and pucca cement roads.
The following works were carried out in the village:
Infrastructure creation: A total of 744 Individual household latrines (IHHL) were constructed along with 524 septic tanks. Some equipment such as E-Autos fitted with wet and dry bins and one bush cutter were procured to promote waste management along with high pressure toilet cleaners and mist blowers to ensure cleaner drains.
Capacity building: Awareness activities were conducted on the importance of sanitation and hygiene by reaching out to people on every street of the village in coordination with the support of the Panchayat Raj and Rural Development (PR&RD) Department.
Making users responsible: For maintenance, an amount of Rs. 60 per month per household and Rs. 150 per month from commercial establishments was collected on a bi-weekly basis. The pooled fund was used for the maintenance of tricycles, sanitation equipment and for the purchase of the daily consumables such as, phenyl or acid, bleaching powder, etc.
Enhancing accountability: A village Cleanliness Monitoring Taskforce was constituted with the members of the village, ASHA and ANM workers, Village Self Help Groups (Women), Village Nigranis and Green ambassadors who were assigned to monitor the collection of waste from the households.
They were trained to educate residents of the village and convey the importance of waste segregation and the benefits of treating segregated waste. Further, vulnerable points and the condition of drains were audited, to avoid accumulation of the waste, under the able guidance of the Village Secretary.
Motivation and coordination: The key ingredients of any successful initiative
The waste from the households was collected and transported to the Solid Wealth Processing Center (SWPC) where about 3 green ambassadors and a green guard are deployed.
The segregated waste is weighed daily at the SWPC. On an average, about 160 kilograms of wet waste (kitchen) is collected from the households and 300 kilograms of dry waste of which 10 kilograms is plastic waste and 265 kilograms is agro-waste and cattle dung. In addition, about 1 kilogram of bio-medical waste is generated. The wet waste is composted and sold at Rs. 10/- per kilogram. The recyclable plastic waste on the other hand is sorted (buckets, mugs, baskets, carton boxes, plastic bottles, etc.) and sold to the near-by kabadiwalas or local recyclers.
Liquid waste management
A 6.4-kilometer drain network and about 5.1 kilometers of concrete cement drains with covers were laid in 2018. The team employed by the panchayat is responsible for cleaning of the drains and the task force members are assigned to ensure regular cleaning of the drainage.
By: Dr. Bini Samal, SLWM Specialist, WASH Institute