The district administration of Mau in Uttar Pradesh has set a target to construct 675 community sanitary complexes (CSCs) across the district to cater to the individuals that congregate in public spaces as well as to the floating population and migrants.
CSCs with 4-6 toilet seats – separate for men and women, with bathing cubicles, washing platforms, washbasins, etc., ensure that sanitation facilities are accessible to all and at the same time ensure that ODF (open defecation free) status of the district is sustained.
State Government makes provision for O&M: According to Mr. Gyan Prakash Tripathi, District Magistrate – Mau, such CSCs are being constructed near markets, bus stands, etc. Their operation and maintenance are normally the responsibility of the Gram Panchayat. However, for the first time in the history of Uttar Pradesh, the State Government has made a provision for the same.
Owing to this, all Gram Panchayats can hire one person exclusively for the operation and maintenance of a constructed CSC at the rate of Rs. 6000 per month. In addition, cleaning agents such as soaps, cleaning liquid, toilet brushes, etc. are provided.
“We are quite certain that these newly constructed CSCs will play a pivotal role in making the villages ODF Plus as per the guidelines stipulated in SBM-G Phase II,” the District Magistrate said.
Here is a list of CSCs being built across the blocks:
|Sl.No||Name of Block||No. of CSCs|
CSC Models: Most of the facilities have been constructed in backward communities that are home to Scheduled Caste population and in marketplaces. Two models have been used in construction – with 4 toilet seats that cost Rs. 3.85 lakhs or 8 toilet seats that amounts to Rs. 5.71 lakhs. The Gram Panchayat will be maintaining them, ensuring an adequate supply of cleaning material and cleaners. It would charge a nominal user fee for use of the sanitation facility.
Provision of water: Provision of water in a sanitary toilet complex is important to ensure usage. It is needed round the clock for the sanitary toilet complex to operate and be maintained properly. In most villages, the adequate water supply may not often be available. Choice of technology which uses limited water may be considered in the design phase in such villages. In Mau, a submersible pump is being installed in every unit to ensure adequate water supply.
Twin pit design: The twin pit system which is cost-effective and easy to empty has been adopted for CSCs. Under the system, waste gets converted into rich manure and therefore is environmentally sustainable.
Inputs: Ms. Anamika, District Coordinator, Mau