By Tuhina Roy, State SBM-G Consultant (UNICEF)
Many migrant labourers have returned to their native villages in Uttar Pradesh. Even though there is 100 per cent household toilet coverage in the State, it is not adequate to cater to the needs of the migrant and floating population. To meet the sanitation requirements of this segment of people, the Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation under the Ministry of Jal Shakti has launched a campaign called- Samudayik Shauchalaya Abhiyan (SSA).
The objective of the 3-month long campaign from 15th June to 15th September 2020, is to construct the maximum number of Community Sanitary Complex (CSCs), fulfilling two purposes:
- To cater to the sanitation needs of the migrant and floating population, ensuring their usage and proper maintenance
- To generate employment for the migrant labourers in the village itself
To be led by the concerned State Government and District Administration, the CSCs built are to be geo-tagged to quality for the awards to be given at a national level function on 2nd October 2020.
The State took up the challenge under the guidance of Additional Chief Secretary, Panchayati Raj, Sri Manoj Kumar Singh and Mission Director, SBM(G) Mrs. Kinjal Singh. All the districts were sensitized, mobilized, and guided to carry forward the campaign. In this regard, technical guidance was issued to districts and regular monitoring was done from the State level. Not just construction of CSCs, but their proper maintenance was stipulated in the guidelines.
While constructing CSCs, separate toilet units for men and women, urinals, hand washing facility, running water, Pink toilets specifically for women and provision for Divyangs were made. Care was taken to select space large enough for either 4 or 6 toilet units in each CSC. As far as finance was concerned, for the construction of CSCs, funds from different sources such as 14th/15th Finance and MGNREGA were utilized.
As a result of this, in the last two months, the State of UP has been leading in the country in construction of CSC. Out of the State’s total target of 58,736 CSCs, 5,452 CSCs have been constructed and geo-tagged as of today. Adding a feather to its cap, 3 districts of UP, namely, Aligarh, Bareilly and Fatehpur are positioned as the 3 leading districts in the country for CSC construction.
As on 6th September 2020 the three leading districts are:
|S.No||Name of the District||Total Target||Total Geo-tagged|
Other leading districts of the State are: Hardoi, Prayagraj, Etah, Kasganj, Ambedkar Nagar, Meerut and Etawah. On 5 September, the Khair block of Aligarh district became the 1st block in the State to cover one CSC in each GP. There is a healthy competition seen among the districts to achieve their best.
Weightage for the National level awards are:
- No. of CSCs constructed during SSA period
- No. of CSCs constructed in SC/ST habitation
- No. of CSCs constructed prior to SSA campaign
Types of awards will be given to the states. Such as:
- Top scoring 3 districts and 3 Blocks as per criteria
- Best 3 Gram Pradhans nominated by the State
- Best State Award
- District having one CSC per village before the SSA campaign
- Gold, Silver and Bronze medals
DMs and CDOs have provided ample support of the entire district SBM team including DPRO, District Consultants, ADO(P), BCs, Pradhans and Panchayat Secretaries to make this campaign successful.