To boost employment and livelihood opportunities for migrant workers returning to villages, in the wake of COVID-19 outbreak, Prime Minister of India, Shri Narendra Modi on 20th June 2020 launched a mega campaign titled, Garib Kalyan Rojgar Abhiyan (GKRA).
The campaign addresses a pressing priority, catering to the welfare of the large number of returnee migrant workers that are affected by the devastating COVID-19. During the campaign period, they would be employed to support the building of durable rural infrastructures such as community toilets, Gram Panchayat Bhawans and Anganwadi Centres; assist in national highway works, railway works and water conservation projects, among others.
Construction of CSCs in the villages is one of the activities to be focused upon under this Rs. 50,000 crore Abhiyan, that will be implemented in a mission mode in 125 days in 116 districts of 6 States. In this regard, skill mapping of the rural migrant labourer has been done to help them work closer home.
In particular, the campaign will enable the saturation of targets for construction of CSCs in 116 select districts of Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Odisha, and Jharkhand.
Good sanitation and hygiene have become more critical at the time of the COVID-19 pandemic. After declaring themselves Open Defecation Free (ODF), districts are now focusing on both the sustainability of their ODF status as well as on the creation of community assets under Swachh Bharat Mission Grameen (SBM-G) – Phase II.
A key component of SBM-G Phase II is the construction of CSCs in public places like bazaars receiving heavier footfall and now, returning migrant workers in many States. Priority for the location of CSCs is given to predominant ST/SC habitations, poorest of poor in the village and those visited by migrant workers and the floating population. Construction of CSCs at this time will also provide a significant amount of work and livelihood opportunities to migrant workers.
Following an advisory from the Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation (DDWS), States and Districts are taking up construction of CSCs to complete their targets under the Abhiyan, while following all safety and hygiene protocols.
DDWS has also issued an advisory towards ensuring operation and maintenance of the CSCs.