Given that a considerable number of toilets in Haryana are of the single pit or septic tank variety, the state government has organised a Training of Trainers on toilet technology and retrofitting.
The training was organised for district and block engineers, as well as district and block coordinators at the State Institute of Rural Development (SIRD) on 6th and 7th February 2020.
According to UNICEF State Consultant, Rajasthan, Mr. T. K. Das, who is responsible for organising this training in Haryana, following similar training in Rajasthan; 25 per cent of the training (half day) is in the classroom where participants are given theoretical training. The balance 75 per cent (over one and a half days) constitutes practical, on the field training.
He informed that 70 participants were divided into five groups and trained on retrofitting of single pit and septic tank toilets into double leach pit with hands on training in the toilets of five households in a Gram Panchayat.
“Participants will actually go into the villages and convert single pit toilets and septic tanks toilets of households into twin pit toilets,” Mr. Das said.
The twin pit toilet technology was invented in India and is the most well-suited toilet technology for rural India and is recommended by Government of India and the World Health Organization. It is scientifically proven that: a pit in a standard twin-pit toilet model fills up in roughly 5 years for a 6-membered family; the waste may then be easily re-directed to the second pit; in 6 months to 1 year, the waste in the filled pit decomposes completely; and the decomposed waste is safe to handle and rich in NPK (nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium) nutrients which makes it ideal for use in agriculture.
The training on retrofitting is certainly timely, given that many single pit toilets built over the last five years would be close to getting filled up and this would be a safe way of managing faecal waste.
The trainees who have completed training at this programme would in turn train district and block level engineers and other stakeholders; who in turn, will provide similar training to masons, sarpanchs and swachhagrahis.