Uttarakhand today has ongoing solid and liquid waste management (SLWM) projects under Swachh Bharat Mission Gramin (SBM-G) in all its 13 districts; implemented by the Gram Panchayats’ (GP) Village Water and Sanitation Committees (VWSC) and User Water and Sanitation Sub Committees (UWSSC).
According to Environment Specialist, Dr. Ramesh Badola, SLWM activities are being carried out both in convergence and non-convergence models; the former in collaboration with various line departments such as Namami Gange, MNREGA, National Rural Livelihoods Mission (NRLM), 14th Finance commission, Agriculture Department, Uttarakhand Renewable Energy Development Agency (UREDA), etc.
The Department of Panchayati Raj had issued a notification on 14th February 2018 listing activities to be undertaken by every GP to manage solid waste. It has also developed a comprehensive MIS/dashboard to capture activities undertaken. These include: PVC/CC drains, individual community soak pits, three/four pit treatment chambers for grey water treatment, etc., under liquid waste management; and Segregation Centre, individual dustbins, Biogas plant, vermi compost/NEDEP compost pit, plastic shredding machine, MHM incinerator and vehicle for door to door garbage collection under solid waste management.
Progress as on October 31, 2019:
SLWM: Of the total 3225 projects being implemented in convergence with line departments, agencies and NGOs in all districts, at a cost of Rs.419.57 crore; work has been completed in 670 GPs, ongoing in 2257 GPs and yet to be started in 286 GPs while 12 GPs have been dropped owing to them being converted into Nagar Panchayats/Nagarpalika (a settlement in transition from rural to urban and is therefore a form of an urban political unit, comparable to a municipality.)
Namami Gange: Further, 134 GPs have been identified as Namami Gange GPs in the seven districts of Chamoli, Pauri, Rudraprayag, Tehri, Uttarkashi, Dehradun and Haridwar. In these GPs, projects are being implemented at a cost of Rs.22.87 crore in convergence with various line departments. Solid Liquid Waste Management works have already been completed against 83 Gram Panchayats, while works are under implementation in 40 GPs and work yet to be started in 11 GPs.
Ganga Gram: The objective under Ganga Gram is provide holistic and intergrated development, centered around sanitation, in villages situated on the banks of River Ganga. As per the vision of Ganga Gram, village need to be open defecation free (ODF) with proper systems for disposal of waste water and solid water. Water conservation, organic farming, horticulture and cultivation of medicinal plants, renovation of ponds and water sources, promotion of sprinkler irrigation, promotion of tourism, setting up on modern crematorium infrastructure are among other requirements, for Ganga Grams, to be implemented in convergence with central and state schemes.
Of the 134 Ganga Grams, work has been completed in Pauri Mala, Uttarkashi Bagori and Dehradun Beerpur Khurc; while work is ongoing in Uttarkashi Mukhuba.
Activities under SLWM in Ganga Grams are – Individual dust bins/Garbage pit, Community Garbage Pit, Segregation Centre, plastic shredding Machine, Bio gas, Compost pit (Vermi, NEDEP, stone pitching, heap method, etc), for composting, Auto rickshaw/ Tricycle for garbage collection is being implemented for Solid Waste Management. As far as liquid waste is concerned, in place are drainage systems (CC, HDEP Pipe, PVC Pipe etc), Treatment Units (Four pit Chamber method), Soak pit, de-siltation pond (Seechewal Model).
IEC for ODF Sustainability: Currently, the state has been focusing on usage, sustainability, maintenance and cleanliness of toilets and SLWM/SLRM, so that ODF status can be maintained under ODF plus activities. Extensive IEC activities are being carried out at Village/Block/District as well as state level. These include:
- Awareness campaigns, Nukkad Naatak, Swachhata Raths, advertisements in news papers and TV channels, broadcasting of radio jingles, radio advertisements, news portal advertisements, social media advertisement, SMSs etc.
- Personalized messages (letters) of the Chief Minister and Minister for Drinking Water and Sanitation, Government of Uttarakhand have been sent to 3.5 lakh rural households out of 5.01 lakh rural households for sensitization towards sanitation. Delivery of remaining 1.51 lakh letters is under progress.
- Workshops on Menstrual Hygiene Management and installation of vending machines and incinerators in Government Girl’s schools are being done. The State is also planning to distribute sanitary napkin pads to teenagers/adolescent female folk through Anganwadi workers.
- Personal/Domestic as well as environmental sanitation and hand washing related trainings have been organized in Schools/Anganwadis/Madrasas.
- Development of study material on sanitation (Swachh Rahein Sunder Banei (for Classes 3-5), Swachhta ko hum apnayei (for Classes 6-8) and Swachhta ki jimmedar (for Classes 9-12) for with the help of State Council of Educational Research and Training (SCERT) is underway.
- LED panels will soon be installed in Dehradun, Tehri, Haridwar, Nainital and Udham Singh Nagar for extensive advertisement of sanitation related messages.
- Trainings are being given to ASHA and Anganwadi workers through Key Resource Centre ‘Swajal Pathshala’. To date a total of 1279 Asha/Anganwadi workers has been trained from all 13 Districts. Other Identified KRCs – ATI Naintal, Panchayati Raj Vibhag, SIRD will also be engaged for ODF Plus activities as well as SLWM implementation.
- Some of the non-recyclable waste in local markets of GPs is dumped in landfills as it cannot be used for recycling. Installation of a solid waste incinerator with safe burning could be the answer for such cases.
- For proper implementation of SLWM activities in convergence with other departments, within the prescribed time frame, it is necessary that funds from each concerned department should be made available at the same time for a specific Gram Panchayat.